Zambia

Date of Establishment: 1958 Member of the Africa Alliance of YMCAs: 1977 Member of the World Alliance of YMCAs: 1968 Staff: 95 Local Branches: 12 active (15 in total) Volunteers: 150 Beneficiaries: 47,000 International Partners: Africa Alliance of YMCAs, World Alliance of YMCAs, Y Care International, Ketchner Waterloo YMCA, YMCA of Middle Tennessee, International Youth Foundation, YWCA-YMCA Sweden, YMCA of Nottinghamshire Local Partners: Zambia Council of Churches, Technical Education & Vocational Training Authority, Zambia National Education Coalition, Churches Association of Zambia

Descriptions

Mission Statement
To translate the principles of YMCA’s Christian heritage into programmes that develop children/youth, strengthen families, and build strong communities.
History
Zambia YMCAs’ work began in 1958 when Zambia, together with Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Nyasaland (now Malawi) formed the Central African Federation. Local associations were established in Kitwe, Ndola, Kabwe and Lusaka. The Kitwe YMCA was extended to other areas using schools, playing fields and other facilities. Today, there are 15 local branches throughout nince provinces in Zambia. The National Council of YMCAs was formed in 1968 and affiliated to the World Alliance in the same year. Membership to the Africa Aliance of YMCAs was in 1977. Programmes to alleviate poverty and eradicate illiteracy became the primary thrust of Zambia YMCA. Education was seen as a pre-requisite to fight poverty. Most of the local associations have pre-schools and pre-school colleges. The focus has now changed to include the empowerment of young people through leadership development, empowered decision-making and civic involvement as well as youth employment and entrepreneurship.
Programmes
HIV/AIDS programmes This programme has various facets which combined are aimed at youth empowerement through behavioural change, based on accurate knowledge and empowered decision-making. The different components include: HIV/AIDS Prevention through Behavioural Change using peer educators for sensitisation HIV/AIDS Home Based Care for people living with AIDS HIV/AIDS Impact Mitigation, support of Orphans and Vulnerable Children’s education Working with Street Kids Adolescent Sexual Reproductive Health Youth employment and entrepreneurship – vocational training This programme is targeted at youth from poor families to provide vocational training wealth creation opportunities that they would not otherwise be provided with. It involves: Early childhood teachers training Vocational training – tailoring and design Food production Economic empowerment This concerns: Entrepreneurship training Young Farmers’ Clubs Womens’ Small Businesses programme Other programmes concern the Professional Training project which focuses on Social Work (certificate & diploma) and psychosocial counselling.
Country Profile
The territory of Northern Rhodesia was administered by the [British] South Africa Company from 1891 until it was taken over by the UK in 1923. During the 1920s and 1930s, advances in mining spurred development and immigration. The name was changed to Zambia upon independence in 1964. In the 1980s and 1990s, declining copper prices and a prolonged drought hurt the economy. Elections in 1991 brought an end to one-party rule, but the subsequent vote in 1996 saw blatant harassment of opposition parties. The election in 2001 was marked by administrative problems with three parties filing a legal petition challenging the election of ruling party candidate Levy MWANAWASA. The new president launched an anticorruption investigation in 2002 to probe high-level corruption during the previous administration. In 2006-07, this task force successfully prosecuted four cases, including a landmark civil case in the UK in which former President CHILUBA and numerous others were found liable for USD 41 million. MWANAWASA was reelected in 2006 in an election that was deemed free and fair. Upon his abrupt death in August 2008, he was succeeded by his Vice-president Rupiah BANDA, who subsequently won a special presidential election in October 2008. Population: 11,862,740 Age Structure: 0-14 years: 45.1% (male 2,685,142/female 2,659,771) 15-64 years: 52.6% (male 3,122,305/female 3,116,846) 65 years and over: 2.3% (male 114,477/female 164,199) (2009 est.) Birth Rate: 40.24 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) Death Rate: 21.34 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) Infant mortality Rate: total: 101.2 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 8 male: 105.97 deaths/1,000 live births female: 96.28 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.) Life Expectancy: total population: 38.63 years country comparison to the world: 223 male: 38.53 years female: 38.73 years (2009 est.) HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 15.2% (2007 est.) HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 1.1 million (2007 est.) HIV/AIDS – deaths: 56,000 (2007 est.) Ethnic Groups: African 99.5% (includes Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Lunda, and other African groups), other 0.5% (includes Europeans, Asians, and Americans) (2000 Census) Religions: Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1% Languages: Bemba 30.1% (official), Nyanja 10.7% (official), Tonga 10.6% (official), Lozi 5.7% (official), Chewa 4.9%, Nsenga 3.4%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda 2.2% (official), Kaonde 2% (official), Lala 2%, Luvale 1.7% (official), English 1.7% (official), other 22.5% (2000 Census) Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write English total population: 80.6% male: 86.8% female: 74.8% (2003 est.) Government Type: republic Capital: Lusaka Geographic coordinates: 15 25 S, 28 17 E Time difference: UTC+2 (7 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) Independence: 24 October 1964 (from the UK) Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal Currency: Zambian kwacha (ZMK) Population below poverty line: 86% (1993) Transnational Issues: Disputes – international: in 2004, Zimbabwe dropped objections to plans between Botswana and Zambia to build a bridge over the Zambezi River, thereby de facto recognizing a short, but not clearly delimited, Botswana-Zambia boundary in the river. Refugees and internally displaced persons: refugees (country of origin): 42,565 (Angola); 60,874 (Democratic Republic of the Congo); 4,100 (Rwanda) (2007). Illicit drugs: transshipment point for moderate amounts of methaqualone, small amounts of heroin, and cocaine bound for southern Africa and possibly Europe; a poorly developed financial infrastructure coupled with a government commitment to combating money laundering make it an unattractive venue for money launderers; major consumer of cannabis. **Information retreived from CIA – The World Factbook:
Contact
National General Secretary: Moses Malunda, eegboe.ymcalr@gmail.com P.O. Box 37549 Lusaka ZAMBIA Tel: 260 1263131 Fax: 260 1260777 Office Email: zambiaymca@iconnect.zm