Madagascar

Date of Establishment: 1924 Member of the Africa Alliance of YMCAs: 2003 Member of the World Alliance of YMCAs: 1996 Staff: 15 Local Branches: 10 Volunteers: 50 Members: 400 Beneficiaries: 19.340 direct and 55.520 indirect

Descriptions

Mission Statement
In accordance with the Paris Basis, the YMCA challenge 21, Madagascar YMCA aspires to be a strong Christian, apolitical, inclusive youth movement. Madagascar YMCA works with youth through activities, projects and programmes to develop their potentialities for a holistic development, and to enable them to be fully involved within their own communities towards making them agents of change for a better quality of life.
History
Two young Malagasy students in London wanted to set up a first YMCA in Antananarivo in 1912. At that time, the country was a French colony, and the YMCA – known as a strong youth movement – was not allowed, as the government was wary of youth consciousness and patriotism. But in 1924, a French lay young man, Jean Beigbeder, finally introduced the association as a branch of the French Protestant Mission. At the same time he introduced the scouting movement. From 1978 to 1994, the YMCA stopped activities due to some leadership crisis and restarted in 1994, after a workshop organised by the African Alliance of YMCAs. In 2003, Madagascar YMCA was reintegrated into tge Africa Alliance of YMCAs and started a renewal process to achieve its mission. Madagascar YMCA was accepted to be under the Global Operating Plan (GOP) in 2007 and is right now working for the development of the movement. After the institutional diagnosis in November 2008, Madagascar YMCA could align its vision with the AAY and is now working to set up a road map for the next 2 years.
Programmes
Increasing Orphans & Vulnerable Children and Young People’s resilience to AIDS In partnership with Y Care International, United Kingdom, this is a sexual and reproductive education programme with a strong focus on HIV/AIDS prevention. The activities involve: – Peer Education (with 140 Peer Educators divided in 3 categories: 12-17 years old/ 18-24 years old/ parents) – Intergenerational dialogue – Youth advocacy on sexual health and development – Sports and recreation – Nutrition and education support The programme aims to reach 10 000 young people in the areas of Ankazomanga and Carion. Supporting vulnerable children in Ankazomanga In partnership with the Y Global, Norway, this programme involves nutritional and educational support for the vulnerable children of the Ankazomanga urban slum in Antananarivo. The project reaches 150 children by providing scholarships as well as daily school lunch. The project engages parents to enable them to take care of their children. They are trained through capacity building workshops and introduced to initiatives such as micro credit to improve their income. Supporting young farmers in Ambano and Itasy In partnership with the YMCA of Frost Valley, USA, potato farmers are supported through the YMCA Coopérative Agricole. The co-operative offers technical training and assistance, and negotiates market access. The co-operative has more than 200 members. Nutrition Programme In partnership with the National Nutrition Office, this programme provides nutritional support for young mothers and babies under 5 years old. This reaches 10 000 people in five municipalities in the District of Manjakandriana, Analamanga Region.
Country Profile
Formerly an independent kingdom, Madagascar became a French colony in 1896 but regained independence in 1960. During 1992-93, free presidential and National Assembly elections were held ending 17 years of single-party rule. In 1997, in the second presidential race, Didier RATSIRAKA, the leader during the 1970s and 1980s, was returned to the presidency. The 2001 presidential election was contested between the followers of Didier RATSIRAKA and Marc RAVALOMANANA, nearly causing secession of half of the country. In April 2002, the High Constitutional Court announced RAVALOMANANA the winner. RAVALOMANANA achieved a second term following a landslide victory in the generally free and fair presidential elections of 2006. In early 2009, protests due to increasing restrictions on opposition press and activities resulted in RAVALOMANANA stepping down and the presidency was conferred to the mayor of Antananarivo, Andry RAJOELINA. Following negotiations in July and August of 2009, a power-sharing agreement with a 15-month transitional period was established, but has not yet been implemented. Population: 20,653,556 (July 2009 est.) Age Structure: 0-14 years: 43.5% (male 4,523,033/female 4,460,473) 15-64 years: 53.5% (male 5,483,684/female 5,557,098) 65 years and over: 3% (male 280,677/female 348,591) (2009 est.) Birth Rate: 38.14 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) Death Rate: 8.14 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) Infant mortality Rate: total: 54.2 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 47 male: 59.12 deaths/1,000 live births female: 49.13 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.) Life Expectancy: total population: 62.89 years country comparison to the world: 176 male: 60.93 years female: 64.91 years (2009 est.) HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 0.1% (2007 est.) HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 14,000 (2007 est.) HIV/AIDS – deaths: fewer than 1,000 (2007 est.) Ethnic Groups: Malayo-Indonesian (Merina and related Betsileo), Cotiers (mixed African, Malayo-Indonesian, and Arab ancestry – Betsimisaraka, Tsimihety, Antaisaka, Sakalava), French, Indian, Creole, Comoran Religions: indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7% Languages: English (official), French (official), Malagasy (official) Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 68.9% male: 75.5% female: 62.5% (2003 est.) Government Type: republic Capital: Antananarivo Geographic coordinates: 18 55 S, 47 31 E Time difference: UTC+3 (8 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) Independence: 26 June 1960 (from France) Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal Currency: Malagasy ariary (MGA) Population below poverty line: 50% (2004 est.) Transnational Issues: Disputes – international: claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, and Juan de Nova Island (all administered by France); the vegetated drying cays of Banc du Geyser, which were claimed by Madagascar in 1976,?also fall within the EEZ claims of the Comoros and France (Glorioso Islands, part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands). Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis (cultivated and wild varieties) used mostly for domestic consumption; transshipment point for heroin. **Information retreived from CIA – The World Factbook: www.cia.gov
Contact
National General Secretary: Rakotomalala Novoarimanda Lantonirina, nirina@africaymca.org Alliance Nationale des UCJG de Madagascar YMCA Youth Centre IVV 39 CA TER ANKAZOMANGA B P 5014 Antananarivo MADAGASCAR Tel: 261 – 20 – 24 225 24 Email: madagascar@africaymca.org