Ghana

Number of Local Associations: 80 Number of total members and participants: 10,005 Men: 6,502 Women: 1,058 Under 30: 2,445

Descriptions

Leadership
Following a long history with the Ghana YMCA, Kwabena Nketia Addae, has taken on the role of the National General Secretary with a strong desire to ensure the Ghana YMCA becomes more active in its communities. Before taking office as the NGS, Kwabena has worked for the Ghana YMCA as the Development Secretary and a project coordinator of various initiates. The position of NGS formalises his previous role of Acting NGS which he had assumed in January 2011 and recognises his achievements within the movement which have included the renovation of a guest house to bring in added revenue, the addition of Canadian interns to fill the gender and youth desks, and successful fundraising strategies for projects he had been in charge of. Kwabena is currently working towards a Masters in Business Administration through the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology and holds a Honours in Science Planning from the same school. For, Kwabena, youth development work is a crucial component of Africa’s overall growth. As he explains, “most of the youth in Africa are energetic but we do not have systems that enable them to harness their potentials to develop to the best of their abilities. They are vulnerable to many avoidable circumstances.” It is for this reason, that Kwabena finds youth work a wise investment, “I chose youth development work because a lot can be done to develop our continent if the youth are given the appropriate guidance in making meaningful life choices”.
History
The Ghana YMCA traces its history to 1890 when a young Gold Coaster, Wilkins Micaber Abbey who had come into contact with the Association in Scotland during his study tour to Europe, brought it to the Gold Coast. On his return to the motherland young Abbey began the first YMCA in Accra.
Programmes
Programmes are everything that happens to the people in their contacts with the organization. Some of the programme activities undertaken in the YMCA are: A) Bible Studies and Devotions B) Prayer Meetings C) Leadership Training D) Youth Advocacy E) Talks and Debates F) Games and Recreation G) Community Service (Voluntary Service) The Ghana YMCA as well as some local Associations are engaged in some special projects/programmes such as: Day Care Centre for pre-school kids Vocational Training Centres for the Youth ( Accra and Takoradi) Adolescent Sexual Reproductive Health Programme (Ketu and Hohoe Districts) Youth Transit Hostels (Accra, Koforidua and Ho) Environmental Conservation Programme (Afforestation) Women Empowerment Programme
Country Profile
Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana in 1957 became the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, RAWLINGS won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996, but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John KUFUOR succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta MILLS took over as head of state in early 2009. Population: 23,887,812 Age Structure: 0-14 years: 37.2% (male 4,494,633/female 4,394,074) 15-64 years: 59.2% (male 7,065,273/female 7,086,023) 65 years and over: 3.5% (male 389,886/female 457,923) (2009 est.) Birth Rate: 28.74 births/1,000 population (2009 est.) Death Rate: 9.13 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.) Infant mortality Rate: total: 51.18 deaths/1,000 live births country comparison to the world: 50 male: 54.74 deaths/1,000 live births female: 47.51 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.) Life Expectancy: total population: 60.1 years country comparison to the world: 185 male: 58.92 years female: 61.31 years (2009 est.) HIV/AIDS – adult prevalence rate: 1.9% (2007 est.) HIV/AIDS – people living with HIV/AIDS: 260,000 (2007 est.) HIV/AIDS – deaths: 21,000 (2007 est.) Ethnic Groups: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census) Religions: Christian 68.8% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), Muslim 15.9%, traditional 8.5%, other 0.7%, none 6.1% (2000 census) Languages: Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other 36.1% (includes English (official)) (2000 census) Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 57.9% male: 66.4% female: 49.8% (2000 census) Government Type: constitutional democracy Capital: Accra Geographic coordinates: 5 33 N, 0 13 W Time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time) Independence: 6 March 1957 (from the UK) Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal Currency: Cedis (GHC) Population below poverty line: 28.5% (2007 est.) Transnational Issues: Disputes – international: Ghana struggles to accommodate returning nationals who worked in the cocoa plantations and escaped fighting in Cote d’Ivoire Refugees and internally displaced persons: refugees (country of origin): 35,653 (Liberia); 8,517 (Togo) (2007) Illicit drugs: illicit producer of cannabis for the international drug trade; major transit hub for Southwest and Southeast Asian heroin and, to a lesser extent, South American cocaine destined for Europe and the US; widespread crime and money laundering problem, but the lack of a well developed financial infrastructure limits the country’s utility as a money laundering center; significant domestic cocaine and cannabis use. **Information retreived from CIA – The World Factbook: www.cia.gov
Contact
National General Secretary: Kwabena Nketia Addae, nketiaaddae@ymcaghana.org 54 Castle Road Ridge-Adabraka National Council of Ghana YMCA P O Box 738 Accra GHANA Tel: 233 – 21 – 224 700 Fax: 233 – 21 – 226 246/229 988 Email: ymcaghana@4u.com.gh