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African Youth Scenarios

April 5, 2018
April 5, 2018



To know what kind of Africa we want, to get to the African Renaissance and to use Agenda 2063, we have to consider the scenarios for the future. Before doing so, we must arm ourselves with knowledge: facts and forecasts. With this in mind, the African YMCA movement embarked on compiling an African Youth Fact Book, with 17 YMCAs plus one partner organisation, Kibo Foundation, in Uganda.

After desktop research, led by a continent-renowned futurist researcher, the information was discussed in 4 expert focus groups across Africa. This then led to the development of a questionnaire in which just under 1 200 youth took part. This research was then synthesised with the other two phases, and 35 youth from the African YMCA movement were trained to validate the findings. This they did with almost 1 500 participants.

The African Youth Fact Book draft was compiled by year end with the following broad topics:

  • Population trends / demographics;
  • Urbanisation and migration;
  • Health;
  • Education;
  • Employment;
  • Economic trends; and
  • ICT.

A wealth of information for all sectors of society, the African Youth Fact Book will give Africans the opportunity to see that stats show the trend and that people can change trends if armed with knowledge. This will lead us in the African Youth Scenarios process in 2018.


After receiving training on the African Youth Factbook, my colleague and I returned to Nigeria to disseminate details of the Youth Fact Book and receive feedback that will further enrich and improve the research towards the development of the African Youth Scenarios.

In Nigeria, we organised youth dialogues distributed across the three major geographical zones of Nigeria YMCA the West, East and North.

The success was adjudged by the following:

  • Young people within Nigeria were able to assess and enrich the findings of the research which discussed the political, social, economic and technological trends as contained in the African Youth Factbook;
  • Lagos (Western Zone) recorded an attendance of 59 persons (42 male and 17 female);
  • Warri (Eastern Zone) recorded an attendance of 107 persons (70 male and 37 female);
  • Abuja (Northern Zone) recorded an attendance of 121 persons (67 male and 54 female);
  • A cumulative record of 287 persons (179 male and 108 female) were in attendance. 95% of those who attended were youth at the age of 18 – 35 years. 2% were less than 18years and 3% were older than 35 years;
  • Participants were mobilised from the local YMCAs in Nigeria, religious organisations, local communities, Civil Society Organisations, schools and businesses. 92% were from the urban areas while 8% are from rural areas;
  • Ms Katindi Sivi- Njonjo who is the lead consultant to the AAYMCA on the African Youth Fact Book research added value to the Abuja dialogue with her presence;
  • Young people were motivated to use their voice, to be active and responsible citizens towards the development of Africa; and
  • More young people are now aware of Agenda 2063.