Country

  • Date of establishment: 1976
  • Member of the World Alliance of YMCAs: 1985
  • Local branches: 6
  • Members and participants: 5104
  • Men : 4284
  • Women: 820
  • Under 30 : 3’000

Descriptions

Mission Statement

The process of revising the Mission YMCA of Angola took place from November 29 to December 1, 1999, during a special meeting of National and Regional Executive Members of the National Alliance of YMCAs of Angola held in Luanda.

The mission of the YMCA of Angola is defined as following: “Having as reference the Paris Basis and Principles of Kampala, the YMCA of Angola is defined as a Christian Youth Organization, Ecumenical where Jesus Christ is the Movement Centre, whose mission is to train, educate and mentor young people on the basis of Christian principles, promoting community development through the implementation of specific programs.

History

Angola is a Portuguese-speaking countries, which currently has a population of around thirteen (13) million, which are concentrated mostly in the capital of the country and in the capitals of the provinces. Since gaining independence, November 11, 1975 to date, the country has never known a moment of lasting peace and total.

The Angolan people lived for a quarter century (1975-2000) in a permanent state of war that requires him to constantly move from the provinces to the capital -Luanda- the re-search of safety. This war has negative effects on the socio-economic situation of the population, which is characterized by a very low standard of living, increasing poverty, illiteracy etc … The YMCA of Angola as Association juvenile religious, ecumenical and philanthropic, was founded December 20, 1976 and is officially and legally recognized by the Government of Angola, according to the law on associations. With vocation coaching and integral formation of youth by Christian principles, the YMCA of Angola is currently present in six provinces on the eighteen that account Angola, namely Luanda, Bengo, Uige, Huila , Kwanza-Sul and Cabinda.

Programmes

The functions of the National Alliance of YMCAs of Angola consist of coaching and spiritual, social, moral and physical training of the people being through programs such as:

  • Basic Education
  • Vocational Training
  • Health
  • Humanitarian Assistance (emergency and rehabilitation) Bible study
  • Week of prayer
  • Promotion in the following areas: civic education, human rights, anti-personnel mines, AIDS.
  • Sports, recreation, camps and excursions, etc …
  • Agriculture
  • Communication
Country Profile

.Angola is rebuilding its country after the end of a 27-year civil war in 2002. Fighting between the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), led by Jose Eduardo DOS SANTOS, and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), led by Jonas SAVIMBI, followed independence from Portugal in 1975. Peace seemed imminent in 1992 when Angola held national elections, but fighting picked up again by 1996. Up to 1.5 million lives may have been lost – and 4 million people displaced – in the quarter century of fighting. SAVIMBI’s death in 2002 ended UNITA’s insurgency and strengthened the MPLA’s hold on power. President DOS SANTOS held legislative elections in September 2008 and, despite promising to hold presidential elections in 2009, has since made a presidential poll contingent on the drafting of a new constitution.

Population

:

12,799,293 (July 2009 est.)

Age Structure:

  • 0-14 years: 43.5% (male 2,812,359/female 2,759,047)
  • 15-64 years: 53.7% (male 3,496,726/female 3,382,440)
  • 65 years and over: 2.7% (male 153,678/female 195,043) (2009 est.)

Birth Rate

43.69 births/1,000 population (2009 est.)

Death Rate

24.08 deaths/1,000 population (July 2009 est.)

Infant mortality Rate:

  • total: 180.21 deaths/1,000 live births
  • country comparison to the world:
  • male: 192.24 deaths/1,000 live births
  • female: 167.58 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)
  • Life Expectancy:

    • total population: 38.2 years
    • country comparison to the world: 224
    • male: 37.24 years
    • female: 39.22 years (2009 est.)

    HIV/AIDS

    • adult prevalence rate: 2.1% (2007 est.)
    • people living with HIV/AIDS: 190,000 (2007 est.)
    • deaths: 11,000 (2007 est.)

    Ethnic Groups:

    Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestizo (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%

    Religions

    indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.)

    Languages:

    Portuguese (official), Bantu and other African languages

    Literacy:

    • total population: 67.4%
    • male: 82.9%
    • female: 54.2% (2001 est.)

    Government Type:

    republic; multiparty presidential regime

    Capital

    Luanda

    Geographic coordinates:

    8 50 S, 13 14 E

    Time difference:

    UTC+1 (6 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

    Independence:

    11 November 1975 (from Portugal)

    Suffrage:

    18 years of age; universal

    Currency:

    Kwanza (AOA)

    Population below poverty line:

    40.5% (2006 est.)

    Transnational Issues:

    Disputes – international:

    Cabindan separatists continue to return to the Angolan exclave from exile in neighbouring states and Europe since the 2006 ceasefire and peace agreement

    Refugees and internally displaced persons: refugees (country of origin): 12,615 (Democratic Republic of Congo) IDPs: 61,700 (27-year civil war ending in 2002; 4 million IDPs already have returned) (2007)

    Trafficking in persons: current situation: Angola is a country of origin for women and children trafficked internally for the purpose of domestic servitude and young men trafficked for the purpose of forced agricultural labor; women and children, primarily, are trafficked to South Africa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Namibia, and Portugal; young boys are trafficked to Namibia to herd cattle; children are also forced to act as couriers in cross-border trade between Namibia and Angola as part of a scheme to skirt import fees tier rating: Tier 2 Watch List – Angola is placed on Tier 2 Watch List because it does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making significant efforts to do so; despite these overall significant efforts, the Government of Angola has not investigated, prosecuted, or convicted any trafficking offenders; Angola does not have a comprehensive law that specifically prohibits trafficking in persons, which constrained its anti-trafficking efforts; interagency cooperation on trafficking issues increased, however, as have the government’s efforts to raise the public’s awareness of the dangers of trafficking (2009)

    Illicit drugs: used as a transhipment point for cocaine destined for Western Europe and other African states, particularly South Africa

    **Information retreived from CIA – The World Factbook: www.cia.gov
Contact
Alliance Nacional das ACM’s de Angola
Rua conego Manuel
das Neves 466, 1 Andar
C P 10253
Luanda
ANGOLA
Tel: 244 2 340 167
Fax: 244 2 393 746
Email: acm-ymcaluanda(at)angonet.org